An authentic oriental rug is a handmade carpet that is either knotted with pile or woven without pile. Oriental-design rugs made by machine, made through hand tufting or any method other than hand-knotting or hand-weaving are not considered authentic oriental rugs.
Oriental rugs have beauty and warmth and bring interesting touch and a sense of luxury to any room. They have excellent qualities of, durability, and resiliency and are able to hold up in high traffic areas as well as quiet and control environment. Oriental rugs woven from silk are the most expensive, while those made from wool are more affordable.
These rugs normally come from a broad geographical region extending from China and Vietnam in the east to Turkey, Maghreb countries and Iran in the west and the Caucasus in the north to India in the south. People from different cultures, countries, racial groups and religious faiths are involved in the production of oriental rugs.
Oriental rugs are organized by origin: Persian rugs, Anatolian rugs, Kurdish rugs, Caucasian rugs, Central Asian rugs, Turkestan rugs, Chinese rugs, and Tibetan rugs.
The art of carpet weaving in Iran has its roots in the culture and customs of its people and their instinctive feelings. Weavers mix elegant patterns with a myriad of colors. The Iranian carpet is similar to the Persian garden: full of flowers, birds, and beasts.
The colors are usually made from wild flowers, and are rich in colors such as burgundy, navy blue, and accents of ivory. The proto-fabric is often washed in tea to soften the texture, giving it a unique quality. Depending on where the rug is made, patterns and designs vary.
The art of carpet weaving existed in Iran in ancient times, according to evidences and in the opinion of scientists. An example of such evidences is the 2500-year-old Pazyryk carpet dating back to 500 B.C., during the Achaemenid period.
The first documented evidence on the existence of Persian carpets came from Chinese texts dating back to the Sassanid period (224 – 641 CE)
Although carpet production is now mostly mechanized, traditional hand woven carpets are still widely found all around the world, and usually have much higher prices than their machine woven counterparts due to them being an artistic presentation.
Wool is the most common material for carpets but cotton is frequently used for the foundation of city and workshop carpets. There is a wide variety in types of wool used for weaving. Those of which include Kork wool, Manchester wool, and in some cases even Camel Hair wool. Silk carpets date back to at least the sixteenth century in Sabzevar and the Seventeenth century in Kashan and Yazd. Silk carpets are less common than wool carpets since silk is more expensive and less durable; they tend to increase in value with age. Due to their rarity, value and lack of durability, silk carpets are often displayed on the wall like tapestries rather than being used as floor coverings.
Although carpet production is, now mostly mechanized traditional hand woven carpets are still widely found all around the world, and usually have higher prices than their machine woven counterparts, due to them being an artistic presentation Up until the mid 1950’s, over 90% of all carpets were made of wool.. The same time area rugs were hand made and mainly wool and cotton were the only source of raw material . On the other hand the labor to make an area rug by hand was another reason to increase to make not affordable for any body to use it..Until this time, area rug was considered a luxury affordable only by rich people. So synthetic fibers were introduced to the carpet industry. The synthetics fibers were the key to bringing carpet and area rugs into a price range, which anyone could afford. This is a period which all the area rugs production named “Transition al Rug”.
Transitional Rugs cover a wide range of designs that fall in between the traditional Oriental and Persian rug styles and the contemporary rug category. Area rugs with flower and botanical patterns are in this category. These area rugs are suitable for any type of interior decoration. Acrylic was one of the first fibers to be used. Acrylic was good but it was brittle and lack of versatility needed to expand the market. In 1952 Nylon was introduce by DuPont. After acrylic, Nylon was introduced to the tufting equipment. Since DuPont processed the yarn, the mills only did the tufting so there was no lengthier and expensive yarn processing. It was much less expensive way to produce carpet, the result at the same time there was a surge in the number carpet, and machine made area rugs mills. Polyester fiber was introduced around 1965; Polyester was a bulky fiber that accepted color extremely well. Since the fiber was produced without the proper twist level or construction and consequently the are rugs, which were produced, performed so bad.
Polypropylene was also introduce around this time .It was a very durable fiber that was quite inexpensive and water resistanct.But because of the way popropolyene is dyed, it lack any true flexibility in styling. With the aid of technology today, most of the machine made area rugs is made of polypropylene. Today 95% of the entire machine made area rugs still has the design and color of hand made area rugs. Despite of the inexpensive fibers and machine technology, people around the world especially European people due to culture of oriental rug, value, durability, natural beauty ,soft hand, styling flexibility, soil resistance and luxury, still are more interested to have hand made oriental rug rather than contemporary are rugs.
Area rug hold a vital share in modern homes, with a ‘look and taste’ for contemporary lifestyle. Nothing can beat the charms of a well-arranged rug with an air of coziness and comfort, very much inherent to designer collection rugs. Rug patterns come in all imaginable motifs and designs to add flow to your interiors. It can also be used as an appealing contrast to an existing interior set-up.
Contemporary style rugs are known as art your floor. Gabbeh is the famous example of Contemporary rugs. Normally they have Bright colors and unusual shapes. This sort of style is mainly coming out of the Nomads design and culture, which is the main common characteristic of contemporary style rugs. A contemporary rug could be designed specifically to match or to enhance the upholstery, drapes or wallpaper in a room.
Shag or California Casual rugs, a popular look after Transition period, are another sort of area rug, which is popular among North American people. The advantage of Shag is the soft, the thick fibers, better longer lasting material, insulates the coldness of the floors, and in some part can absorb the noises of hard surface.
Add a captivating and intoxicating concoction of style, sophistication, art, and elegance to your floor by introducing some of the best modern hand knotted woolen rugs. Make a distinct statement of style by adding some of most exquisite and elegant woolen floor rugs to your interior decoration. Let your floor shine with that extra amount of glamour and class with the latest, modern, designer floor rugs.